Lymphedema is a medical term that refers to a swelling of the body tissues. It typically occurs in the soft tissues in your body, usually in your arms or legs. It can occur because the lymphatic system has become blocked or damaged.
It begins in the tissue and causes it to swell up and form a lump. The swelling can be found anywhere. Sometimes, the problem occurs in the armpits, neck or even groin area. There are several things that may trigger a person to develop lymphedema.
Infections: Many types of infection can cause swelling, especially if it has not been treated. Some examples of infection that may cause lymphedema are viral hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, mononucleosis, and hepatitis B.
Blood loss: Certain types of medical conditions can lead to the loss of lymphatic fluid, causing lymphedema. Some examples of this condition include AIDS, cancer treatments, organ transplants, chemotherapy, surgery, and some blood clotting conditions. In the case of cancer treatments, certain medications, such as those that have been used for many years, can also cause this condition.
Skin Infection and Damage: Injury to the skin and lymph nodes can also lead to lymphedema. Some common symptoms include pain when showering, swelling in the groin, shoulders, chest, and neck. If left untreated, symptoms may worsen. Therefore, a person suffering from lymphedema must take preventive measures to avoid further complications.
Immune system deficiency: If your immune system is weakened or weakened, you are more likely to develop lymphedema. The main symptom of this disease is swelling in the leg or arms. If left untreated, the disease can spread to other parts of the body.
Certain medications: Certain medications can cure or prevent lymphedema. These include those used to treat HIV / AIDS, cancer, and cancer treatments.
Certain surgeries and treatments. Certain surgeries and treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also lead to lymphedema. This is why some patients use these treatments. If a patient has already developed lymphedema, he or she should first see their doctor before a surgical procedure.
Exposure to chemicals and pollutants: Chemicals and pollutants are known to weaken the skin's immune system. This weakness can lead to other infections, such as lymphedema. A common example of this condition is skin cancer caused by exposure to chemicals and pollutants, such as in the case of a worker who was exposed to an oil spill.
Pregnancy: Pregnancy is known to trigger this condition. Lymphedema may occur because the lungs are underdeveloped in a woman who is expecting a baby. Women who have this condition may also experience swelling in the legs during pregnancy.
Age group: A person's body may become weaker as he or she gets older, especially if he or she is a child. A middle-aged person may have more problems than a child due to this weakening process.
Surgery and treatments: Some types of surgery, like the ones that are used to remove a tumor, may result in lymphedema. An example of this condition is liposuction, which is a procedure in which fat from the abdomen is removed. Another surgery is the laminectomy, where a portion of the lung is cut to remove a tumor. It is important to note that surgery is not the only treatment for lymphedema, but it can sometimes be a faster way to treat this condition than conventional methods.
Skin: A person with lymphedema may experience swelling on the legs. This condition is known to affect the skin in other parts of the body. Examples of skin lesions include eczema, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and eczema with atopic dermatitis.