TMJ is a very common condition that is caused due to the damage of different structures in the jaw. The symptoms of TMJ are very painful and one must consult a dentist or other medical professional for proper diagnosis. Most TMJ-related problems are caused due to the consequences of stress on the structure surrounding the joint.
These structures comprise: Cartilage disc of the jaw. Muscle of the face, jaw, and neck. Nearby nerves, blood vessels, muscles, tendons, bone, and other tissues. Teeth are affected as well.
Overuse of a joint may lead to the formation of cracks. This results in the pressure on these structures to increase. These increased pressures cause the wear and tear process to be accelerated. The result is the development of fractures.
When the teeth and bones in a joint are not properly aligned, the pressure of the bone against adjacent structures can also cause damage. This can cause loosening of these structures. This loosening causes the adjacent structures to move, causing the teeth and bones to move in that area.
Sometimes even the slightest noise, pressure from a bite, or touching your face can cause TMJ pain. These symptoms often appear after the jaw has been clenched for long hours. Some of these symptoms include, but are not limited to, cheekbone or jaw pain, difficulty chewing, ear pain, headache, facial soreness, numbness, muscle cramps, soreness, muscle tension, or jaw pain.
Temporomandibular joint problems are not only experienced by adults
Children can also get TMJ due to overuse of the jaw. Children who chew frequently will develop TMJ.
TMJ symptoms are usually easy to identify. The pain is mild, but if the problem is severe, it can lead to more serious illness. The most common signs include pain when chewing or opening the mouth, pain when closing the jaw, pain when chewing, pain when opening or closing the mouth, clicking sound when opening or closing the mouth difficulty chewing or opening or closing the mouth. jaw, headaches, pain on one side of the head and ear pain, swelling or redness of the face, mouth ulcers, swelling of the cheeks or nose, feeling that the cheekbones and inner cheeks are pressing too hard, or the gums in the mouth, dizziness, difficulty with chewing and swallowing, trouble swallowing and pain during sleep, and a feeling that the jaw is sticking. If the pain gets worse, see your dentist as soon as possible.
The treatment options available for TMJ vary. You can try a number of natural remedies such as using anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen. These may reduce the pain. However, these treatments do not completely cure TMJ, you may have to use medications for pain relief.
Treatments for TMJ may include orthotic devices. You can get a custom-fit device that is made to fit your jaw. There are also splints that help correct movement of your jaw.
You may also try chiropractic manipulation. Many people turn to chiropractic manipulation because it focuses on fixing the biomechanical imbalances that cause TMJ. Your chiropractor may recommend some type of brace or other device to wear while you are at home or while you are out. The brace should fit comfortably and be able to hold your jaw.
The most popular option for treating TMJ is surgery. In general, a doctor may recommend that you get a jaw dislocation surgery, which is done to help with the movement of your jaw, which causes the pain.
These medical procedures are very effective, but they are not always free of side effects. In most cases they will involve surgery and recovery.