Type I diabetes, also called adult diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes in adults, but can also be diagnosed in young people. About 10% of all people with diabetes have type I. This is a chronic autoimmune disease that constantly destroys the beta cells (cells that make insulin) in the pancreas.
As a result of this disease, your the body becomes unable to produce insulin is needed to move sugar from the blood to cells or remove glucose from the bloodstream for use as energy. You end up relying on other sources of energy to meet your daily needs. In people with type 1 diabetes, the body often produces very little insulin and does not produce enough type A hormone, which breaks down sugar into energy for your cells.
There are two forms of the disease. The first, known as juvenile diabetes, usually begins during adolescence, while the second, called adult type I, can occur anytime after age 30, but usually later in life.
If you think you have type I diabetes or any other form of diabetes, talk to your doctor about the possibility of testing for the disease. If you’re overweight or obese, or you’ve had surgery to remove part of your pancreas, you may be at increased risk of type I diabetes. If you have any kidney disease, history of heart attack or stroke, or a family history of the disease, it’s possible you have type I diabetes. For some women, there is no family history of type I diabetes.
Insulin injections have been used for decades to treat diabetes, but they’re expensive and have side effects. Today, the best way to control your blood sugar levels and keep them at safe levels is through diet, exercise, and monitoring your blood sugar levels.
Many foods, such as breads, pastas, and cereals, are high in carbohydrates. When you consume these foods, your blood sugar levels will rise rapidly, causing your body to need to create more insulin to move the glucose from your bloodstream into cells. It can also cause the body to produce excessive amounts of the hormone insulin-degrading hormone called glucocorticoid.